History of Laser

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blackbird
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Registriert: Do 08 Sep, 2005 4:37 pm
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History of Laser

Beitrag von blackbird » Mi 10 Jul, 2019 6:56 pm

Bonjour à tous,

A l'aube du 60 ième anniversaire du laser, une petite fresque historique !
https://www.photonics.com/Article.aspx? ... n=PDA&PID=
Une version synthétique ci-dessous ...

A+

BlackBird

History of the Laser
Photonics Media presents a look at milestones in the history of the laser, decade by decade. Click on an entry to see details about the topic.

https://www.photonics.com/LinearChart.aspx?ChartID=2

1951
Maser conceived
1954
Maser demonstrated
1955
Pumping method proposed
1956
Microwave solid-state maser developed
1957
Optical maser conceived
1957
Laser conceived
1958
Optical maser theory discussed
1959
Laser patent application
1960s
1960
Laser patent granted
1960
First laser constructed
1960
Laser announced
1960
Second laser demonstrated
1960
First continuous-beam (HeNe) laser
1961
Commercial market appearance
1961
Ruby laser improved
1961
First Neodymium glass (Nd: glass) laser
1961
First medical use
1962
Q-switching invented
1962
Gallium-arsenide laser developed
1962
First yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) laser
1962
First red-light semiconductor lasers
1963
Laser sales hit $1 million
1963
Mode-locked laser demo'd
1963
Semiconductor lasers from heterostructure devices proposed
1964
Nd:YAG (neodymium-doped YAG) laser invented
1964
First laser-related Nobel Prize awarded
1964
CO2 laser invented
1964
Pulsed argon-ion laser discovered
1965
Two lasers are phase-locked
1965
First chemical laser
1966
Dye laser discovered
1966
Breakthrough in fiber optics
1966
Optical pumping work garners Nobel
1967
Tunable dye laser invented
1968
Laser Industry Association founded (now LIA)
1970s
1970
Patent rights bought
1970
Excimer laser developed
1970
Optical trapping invented
1970
First continuous-wave room-temp. semiconductor lasers
1972
Quantum well laser invented
1972
Laser forms electronic circuit patterns
1973
First version of ANSI Z136.1 is released
1974
Barcode scanners used in stores
1975
Continuous-wave semiconductor laser commercialized
1975
First quantum-well laser operation
1976
Semiconductor laser demonstrated beyond 1 µm
1976
First free-electron laser (FEL)
1977
Fiber optics installed under Chicago
1977
Gould awarded optical pumping patent
1978
LaserDisc hits the home video market
1978
Compact disc (CD) project announced
1979
Gould receives patent covering laser applications
1980s
1981
Schawlow, Bloembergen win Nobel
1982
Titanium-sapphire laser developed
1982
The audio CD debuts
1985
Lasers used to manipulate atoms
1987
Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers introduced
1988
Gould begins receiving royalties
1990s
1994
Quantum cascade laser invented
1994
Quantum dot laser demonstrated
1994
Single atom laser demonstrated
1996
First pulsed atom laser
1997
Gallium-nitride (GaN) laser developed
2000s
2003
First laser-powered aircraft flown
2004
Electronic switching in a Raman laser demonstrated
2006
First electrically powered hybrid silicon laser
2007
First mode-locked silicon evanescent laser
2009
Fast laser pulses improve light bulbs
2009
National Ignition Facility dedicated
2009
NASA launches the LRO
2009
Intel announces Light Peak
2009
Multibeam IR-emitting lasers appear
2009
Laser market to hit nearly $6 billion in 2010
2010s
2010
A decade of expansion and growth
2010
Researchers hit 53% QCL efficiency
2010
NIF delivers 1 MJ of laser energy
2010
Short laser pulses generated
2010
Single-atom laser demonstrated
2010
Ultrafast laser pulses used to probe material properties
2011
Investigators at ETH Zürich produce VECSEL
2011
Harvard University researchers demonstra­te a living laser
2011
Zinc oxide nanowire waveguide lasers produced
2012
A team from Yale University created a random laser
2012
NIF's 500-TW Laser Shot Sets Record
2012
NASA's Curiosity rover zaps rock on Mars
2013
Team develops control scheme for random lasers
2013
Researchers fit as many as 10x more pulses into a fiber
2013
Room-temperature laser nanowires emit in the near-IR
2014
Laser ablation reported to boost rockets
2014
Lasers used to create gigabit transmission between satellites
2014
Compact particle accelerator set new world record of 4.25 GeV
2015
Dr. Charles Hard Townes dies
2015
Random Raman laser pulse capable of nanosecond strobe time
2015
Research published involving cells swallowing microresonators
2015
Lasers reported to print data at a microscopic level
2016
ASML announces that EUV lithography appears to be ready
2016
Quantum dot lasers grown on silicon
2016
Optical wavefront correction used to get rid of atmospheric oscillations
2017
NASA's JPL notes that lasers could improve space communication
2017
Lockheed Martin system produces a single beam of 58 kW
2017
Green fluorescent protein polariton lasers created
2018
Random lasers controlled through nanoscale manipulation technique
2018
NIF delivers 2.15 MJ of laser energy
2018
NIST measures burning structures using commercial laser ranging
2018
Nobel Prize in physics for advances in laser physics
2018
Scientists have their sights set on a 10-petawatt shot
2019
Researchers outline way for lasers to deliver whispers to listeners
2019
Into the future

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